If you are a gardening enthusiast and are trying to speed up the growth of your crops, you have probably heard of the importance of the lunar calendar for the vegetable garden.

According to several farmers, the phases of the moon significantly influence the growth and development of plants. But how can they really be used in your garden?

In this comprehensive guide to lunar phases for the vegetable garden in 2024, we will discover together how the moon influences plant cultivation, from sowing to harvesting. Step by step, we will provide you with a series of gardening tips that can help you optimise your production, ensuring precise and intelligent planning of agricultural activities.

We will understand together how to cultivate following the phases of the moon and which crops are best suited to be planted at different times of the month. From root vegetables to fruit, we will explore the influence of the moon phases on cultivation and discover how to make the best use of the lunar calendar in your garden.

Let’s get started!

What is the lunar calendar?

If you are wondering what the importance of the lunar phase calendar is in horticulture and how the phases of the moon affect plant growth in the garden, you should know that we are about to find out. Let us begin by actually understanding what is meant by a lunar calendar and why you should start using this tool.

The lunar calendar is a system that organises time according to the phases of the moon, which include the new moon, first quarter, full moon and last quarter. This calendar has ancient roots and is used in various fields, including horticulture, precisely because moon phases are believed to influence plant growth.

The importance of the moon phase calendar in horticulture lies in the belief that the different moon phases have an impact on plant growth and development. This belief is rooted in traditional practices and empirical observation by farmers over the centuries.

The phases of the moon influence plant growth in the garden mainly through changes in the flow of sap within plant tissues. It is believed that during the waxing moon, sap flows to the aerial parts of the plants, promoting the growth of leaves and stems. Conversely, during the waning moon, the sap tends to concentrate in the roots, encouraging more vigorous root growth.

Moon phases for vegetable garden cultivation

The phases of the moon play a very important role in the cultivation of the home vegetable garden. Understanding how to use the lunar calendar to guide your cultivation practices can lead to more abundant production and more vigorous plant growth.

As we have seen, the calendar is normally divided into four macro-areas (four phases), each with its own characteristics:

  • New Moon:

This is the phase when the Moon is not visible in the night sky because it is between the Earth and the Sun. It is the time when the lunar cycle begins and is generally considered a good time to sow crops that produce fruit above ground;

  • First quarter:

This phase occurs about a week after the new moon. During the first quarter, half of the Moon is visible in the sky. It is a favourable time for sowing seeds and encouraging vigorous plant growth;

  • Full Moon:

This phase occurs when the Moon is fully illuminated by the Sun, easily visible from Earth. It is a time of increased vegetative activity and can influence the flowering and fruiting of plants;

  • Last Quarter:

This phase occurs about a week after the full moon. During the last quarter, half of the Moon is again visible in the sky. It is an auspicious time for activities such as pruning and harvesting, as plants are believed to absorb less energy from their roots at this time.

These four lunar phases are the main ones in the lunar calendar of cultivation and are used to plan agricultural activities according to beliefs and traditions regarding their influence on plants.

In addition to sowing, the moon phases also influence other horticultural practices such as pruning, fertilising and harvesting. Our comprehensive guide to the moon phases for the vegetable garden will help you identify the best times to plant different types of crops and take care of the plants already in the garden.

New Moon Calendar 2024

For the sake of simplicity, we have chosen to divide the lunar phase calendar into two parts: new moon (also known as waning) calendar and full moon (also known as crescent) calendar.

In the context of our ‘2024 Sowing Calendar’, the waning moon dates are crucial for planning sowing activities, as it is believed that during this lunar phase, energy is concentrated on the roots of plants, promoting their vigorous growth and general health.

  • January 2024 :

1 to 10 January and 26 to 31 January;

  • February 2024:

1 to 08 February and 25 to 28 February;

  • March 2024:

1 to 09 March and 26 to 31 March;

  • April 2024:

1 to 07 April and 25 to 30 April;

  • May 2024:

1 to 07 May and 24 to 31 May;

  • June 2024:

1 to 05 June and 23 to 30 June;

  • July 2024:

1 to 06 July and 22 to 31 July;

  • August 2024:

1 to 03 August and 20 to 31 August;

  • September 2024:

1 to 02 September and 19 to 30 September;

  • October 2024:

18 to 30 October;

  • November 2024:

16 to 31 November;

  • December 2024:

16 to 29 December.

What to plant during the waning moon phase

During the waning moon phase, there are several practices you can adopt in your vegetable garden to optimise plant growth. By following a guide to sowing according to the phases of the moon and using the lunar calendar for your vegetable garden, you can maximise the results of your crops.

At this stage, it is advisable to focus on sowing crops that produce fruit under the soil or have a strong root system. This is because it is believed that during this period, the plants’ energy is directed towards the roots, encouraging a strong and vigorous growth of the root system.

Below is a list of vegetables that are recommended to be sown during the waning moon phase:

  • Carrots
  • Potatoes
  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Radishes
  • Beets
  • Celery
  • Fennel
  • Spinach
  • Lettuce
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Swiss chard
  • Asparagus
  • Celeriac
  • Parsley

In addition to sowing, the waning moon is an excellent time for pruning and transplanting. Cutting excess branches and leaves during this phase can promote more balanced plant growth and better distribution of resources. At the same time, transplanting during the waning moon can reduce stress on plants, allowing them to adapt more easily to their new environment.

Full Moon Calendar 2024

The crescent moon phases are particularly important in our lunar calendar for the home garden, as it is believed that during this period, lunar energy promotes rapid vegetative growth of plants.

By using the lunar calendar, you will be able to better plan the sowing of your crops, ensuring that each vegetable grows luxuriantly and abundantly.

  • January 2024:

12 to 24 January;

  • February 2024:

10 to 23 February;

  • March 2024:

11 to 24 March;

  • April 2024:

09 to 24 April;

  • May 2024:

09 to 22 May;

  • June 2024:

07 to 21 June;

  • July 2024:

07 to 20 July;

  • August 2024:

05 to 18 August;

  • September 2024:

04 to 17 September;

  • October 2024:

03 to 16 October;

  • November 2024:

02 to 14 November;

  • December 2024:

02 to 14 December.

What to plant during the crescent moon phase

As we have seen, following the phases of the moon in gardening is a practice that can lead to optimal results, enabling better planning of planting and cultivation activities.

During the crescent moon phase, there are several vegetables and greens that you can plant in your garden to maximise the growth and yield of your crops. During this specific phase of the moon, it is believed that the plants’ energy is directed towards the aerial parts, promoting rapid vegetative growth and vigorous flower and fruit production.

At this point, let us see together which vegetables are best suited for sowing during the crescent moon period:

  • Tomatoes
  • Courgettes
  • Aubergines
  • Peppers
  • Beans
  • Peas
  • Corn
  • Cucumbers
  • Pumpkins
  • Cabbage
  • Broccoli
  • Cauliflowers
  • Watermelons
  • Gherkins
  • Green beans

As we have seen for the waning moon period, following the lunar calendar for gardening will help you identify the most propitious periods for sowing and other horticultural activities, such as pruning and fertilising. In particular, fertilisation is highly recommended at this time of the month, precisely because the moon should help the soil recover all the nutrients it needs to ensure a comfortable environment for plants.

Advantages of the lunar calendar

The use of the lunar calendar offers several advantages. According to various studies and the opinion of experienced farmers, growing vegetables following the phases of the moon is an excellent way to promote more harmonious garden management and optimal plant growth.

In the context of the biodynamic vegetable garden – which we have discussed in previous articles – the phases of the moon play a key role, as it is believed that lunar energy directly influences the life cycle of plants and soil.

But let us go into more detail and find out what benefits are actually associated with the use of the moon phase calendar in the vegetable garden:

  1. Optimised planning:

Following the lunar calendar enables optimal planning of planting, transplanting, pruning and harvesting activities, maximising the growth potential of plants;

  1. Increased yield:

Moon phases can influence plant growth and development, allowing for higher yields and better harvest quality;

  1. Sustainable garden management:

Using the lunar calendar for the vegetable garden promotes sustainable management of natural resources by minimising the use of chemicals and optimising irrigation efficiency;

  1. Reducing the risk of plant disease:

Planning horticultural activities according to the phases of the moon can help reduce the risks of diseases and pests, precisely because you are working in harmony with the natural cycles of plants;

  1. Increased connection with nature:

Following the lunar calendar for garden cultivation allows one to develop a greater awareness of natural cycles and a deeper connection with the surrounding nature;

  1. Saving time and resources:

Planning cultivation activities according to the phases of the moon can help optimise the use of time and resources, reducing waste and improving overall gardening efficiency.


Now that we have discovered how to take advantage of the lunar calendar in gardening, all that remains is for you to test this powerful tool for yourself.

It is important to remember that although using the lunar calendar in the garden can be an interesting practice, there is no conclusive scientific evidence confirming the effectiveness of moon phases on plant growth. However, many people find it useful to follow the moon phases as part of an overall approach to plant cultivation.

If you are looking for a new way of gardening and want to feel more in touch with outdoor nature and the natural growth cycles of plants, then this is the perfect place to start.

Have fun experimenting month after month, following the indirect directions of the moon and harnessing the cosmic energies coming from above. Good luck!

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