The end of summer is just around the corner. Now is the time to focus on the new year and find out what to plant in your vegetable garden in September so that you are prepared for the first cold weather.

When the temperatures start to drop and the sun hides from view a little quicker than usual, the vegetable garden needs a direct and functional intervention that will enable it to continue producing without difficulty.

In this article, we will find out together how to cultivate the vegetable garden in September, what steps to take to prepare the soil properly and why it is important to take care of plant health step by step.

Fortunately, there are several vegetables that can be planted in September that will satisfy your desires and improve the appearance of your autumn vegetable garden. Let’s get started!

Preparing the soil

Finding out how to prepare the soil in your vegetable garden for sowing in September can help you keep future crop growth under control, along with creating a lush and abundant autumn vegetable garden.

First of all, it is important to make an assessment of soil conditions to ensure healthy plant growth. Removing weeds and summer crop residues is a key step to avoid competition for nutrients and space for new seedlings. In addition, it is advisable to enrich the soil with well-matured compost to improve the soil structure and increase its fertility.

To keep the vegetable garden productive in September, it is essential to select the right crops. Plants such as cabbage, spinach, radishes and carrots thrive in this season and require less maintenance than in summer. Always be sure to observe the recommended planting distances and keep pest infestations under control, especially since cooler temperatures can encourage their growth.

At the same time, those interested in finding out how to grow a vegetable garden in September should know that it is very important to carefully monitor the plants and provide them with the right amount of water, especially in times of drought. The absence of rain could damage the health of plants, which need water in order to germinate properly.

After all, the first month of the year is not always kind to crops, but knowing what steps to take to plant successfully in September is certainly a good starting point.

September vegetable sowing calendar

What can I plant in my vegetable garden in September? What are the best alternatives for growing crops?


Our September vegetable garden planting calendar is ready to give you all the advice you need to start planting your new autumn crops. We have already seen which vegetables are perfect for August, capable of appreciating high temperatures and prolonged exposure to the sun’s rays. At this point, it is time to focus on the cool-weather varieties typical of the beginning of the year, ready to colour your garden in the autumn.

If you are looking for tips on sowing seeds in your vegetable garden in September, this is the right place. Together we will follow a guide to sowing in the vegetable garden in autumn, identifying the most suitable varieties of vegetables and herbs to grow.

Finally, we will also find out which vegetables can be harvested in September and when to harvest the autumn vegetables planted in this month.

Vegetables to plant in September

September marks the start of a new season in the vegetable garden, and planting the right vegetables at this time can lead to a bountiful harvest during the autumn and even beyond. But which vegetables are suitable for planting in September?

Fortunately, there is an important variety of vegetables to plant in September that thrive in cooler temperatures and require less attention than those grown in summer.

Let’s look together at a list of easy vegetables to grow in September and autumn vegetables that will surprise you and give you a more than bountiful harvest:

  • Cabbage:

Among the many vegetables to be planted in September, cabbage is an excellent choice. Vegetables such as Savoy cabbage, cauliflower and kale grow well in this season and are known for their hardiness. They can withstand lower temperatures and withstand the first autumn frosts, ensuring a nutrient-rich harvest;

  • Spinach:

Spinach is another option to consider. These leafy green vegetables grow quickly and adapt well to the cooler temperatures of September. They are rich in essential vitamins and minerals and can be used both cooked and raw;

  • Lettuce:

Lettuces are easy vegetables to grow in September and are perfect for preparing fresh salads. Due to their ability to withstand the cold well, lettuces are often chosen for the preparation of autumn vegetable gardens;

  • Radishes and carrots:

Radishes and carrots are roots that can be sown in September for autumn and winter harvesting. Both can also be grown in limited spaces such as pots or planters;

  • Onions:

Onions are among the easiest autumn vegetables to grow. Their growth requires little effort and they can be stored for a long time even after harvest;

  • Leeks:

Leeks are quite similar vegetables to onions, following the same growth path. Like their onion companions, they can be sown in September and harvested in the following months;

  • Broccoli and Swiss chard:

Broccoli and chard can be grown in September, as they thrive in cooler temperatures. Both rich in nutrients, they are must-have vegetables in your autumn vegetable garden.

Herbs to plant in September

In September, you can plant many herbs in your vegetable garden or in pots, especially since most thrive in the cool autumn temperatures.

Aromatic herbs are a great ally for those who want to know how to keep their vegetable garden productive in September. Being rich in nutrients, they can offer a good dose of protection to the vegetable garden and the soil itself.

Here are some herbs that can be planted in September:

  • Parsley:

Parsley is a cold-hardy plant that grows well during the autumn and early months of the year;

  • Mint:

Mint is a hardy plant that grows very quickly. Once planted in September, it can be harvested after waiting a few weeks;

  • Thyme:

Thyme is an aromatic herb that loves cool climates. Its fragrant leaves are perfect for meat dishes and sauces, which will add flavour to your autumn dishes;

  • Oregano:

Oregano is an excellent choice of vegetables to plant in September. Its aromatic leaves ripen quickly, becoming slightly rough to the touch;

  • Basil:

Although basil is more typical of summer, it can be planted in September in places with mild temperatures. It can be protected from the first frosts by using light cloths;

  • Sage:

Sage is a perennial plant that grows well in autumn, already ready in mid-October to be harvested;

  • Rosemary:

Rosemary, like sage, is a hardy plant that grows well in autumn.

Before planting herbs, make sure to provide them with well-drained soil, plenty of sunlight and the right amount of water. The ultimate goal is always to ensure healthy and steady growth, which will enable you to enjoy the seedlings also in the following months.

Fruit plants to sow in September

In September, you can sow or plant some fruit plants so that you can enjoy a future harvest.

Before we find out which varieties are best suited for this meso, it is important to specify that most fruit plants are best developed from cuttings or established plants, rather than from seeds. In any case, here are some fruit plants that you might consider for sowing in September:

  • Currants:

Currants, such as redcurrants and blackcurrants, can be planted from cuttings in September to ensure their future growth. They are hardy plants and produce delicious fruit perfect for spring;

  • Raspberries:

Raspberries are fruit plants that can be planted from cuttings in the autumn. Be sure to provide them with adequate support, which will help them to grow vertically;

  • Blueberries:

Blueberries are fruit plants that require acidic, well-drained soil. They can be planted in September from young seedlings;

  • Wild strawberries:

Wild strawberries are fruit plants that grow well from cuttings. They can be planted in September to obtain a harvest within the following year;

  • Apricots:

Apricot seeds can be safely planted in September, although it is important to remember that apricot plants can take several years to produce fruit.

What to harvest in September

Can I still harvest vegetables in September that were planted in the spring?


In September, many vegetables are ready for harvest, offering a variety of fresh produce directly available for consumption. Let’s see together which vegetables are commonly harvested during this month:

  • Tomatoes:

Tomatoes ripen in summer and it is common to harvest them in September when they are fully ripe and tasty;

  • Peppers:

Peppers are ready for harvest in September when they reach their desired colour;

  • Aubergines:

Aubergines are typically ripe in September and can be harvested to prepare a long variety of different dishes;

  • Courgette:

Courgettes continue to produce abundantly until September, so they can be harvested at any time during the month, taking advantage of their rapid growth;

  • Cucumbers:

Cucumbers need to be harvested before they become too big and bitter, which is why September proves to be the ideal month;

  • Beans:

Harvest bean varieties, such as green beans and climbing beans, are ready for harvest in September. Always make sure to harvest them before they become too fibrous;

  • Lettuce:

Many lettuce varieties can be harvested in September, when their leaves are still fresh and crisp;

  • Radishes:

Radishes are ready for harvest within a few weeks of planting, so it is definitely possible to harvest them in September when they are still young and tender;

  • Carrots:

Carrots can be harvested in September when they reach the desired size;

  • Onions:

Onions can be harvested in September when the tops begin to fall off and the skins harden;

  • Potatoes:

Ripe potatoes can be harvested in September to be stored or eaten fresh.

The availability of these vegetables may vary depending on local weather conditions and how they were sown in the previous months. As a general rule, it is always advisable to harvest all summer vegetables before proceeding with autumn sowing.

Separating the two types of vegetables helps keep the soil clean and free of pests, as well as much more nourished and ready to receive the new vegetables.

Once they have completed their growing process, the autumn vegetables to be grown in September will be ready for harvest between the end of the year and the beginning of the new year, and in some cases even earlier.


Now that we have found out what to plant in the vegetable garden in September and what guidelines to follow to ensure consistent growth of individual crops, you can concentrate on planting and tending your autumn vegetable garden.

In the world of gardening, September marks the beginning of a new crop cycle – the autumn cycle – which will only come to an end in winter, when low temperatures take over plant growth. Always start by preparing the soil, which must be strong enough to accommodate a significant variety of new plants.

Good luck for this new month!

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